A new peer-reviewed article by Claudia Stoicescu published this week in AIDS and Behavior, looks at the impact of intimate partner violence victimisation on HIV risk among women who inject drugs.
Based on data from 731 participants in Indonesia, the study found that at least 6 in 10 women who inject drugs experienced some form of past-year intimate partner violence, which is up to 24 times higher than IPV prevalence found in the general Indonesian female population. For these urban, low-income women, exposure to intimate partner violence was associated with elevated engagement in risky sexual behaviour, and therefore in increased vulnerability to HIV infection and onward transmission. When women experienced psychological, physical, and sexual forms of violence simultaneously, this risk was magnified by up to 26%.
Intimate partner violence against women is an urgent global health threat and human rights violation. Drug-using women tend to be disproportionately affected by both intimate partner violence and HIV. The article adds important new evidence on the links between intimate partner violence and HIV among substance-using women, a topic that remains grossly under-researched in low- and middle-income countries.
Read the open-access article here.