One of the many consequences of the global HIV epidemic is the impact of adult parental AIDS illness and death on children. By 2011, there were approximately 142 million orphaned children worldwide, most of whom reside in the developing world, including sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
There are an estimated 1.4 million AIDS-orphaned children in South Africa, and millions more who live with parents who are living with AIDS. The social and economic impacts of the epidemic on current and future generations of children are only beginning to be understood.
CEBI has been at the forefront of research into a range of HIV/AIDS challenges. The group have revealed impacts on children of orphanhood and parental AIDS and programmes that can help these highly vulnerable groups. Our research has identified programmatic social welfare HIV-prevention approaches that are being scaled with adolescent girls and young women through Africa. The group have had major impact with systematic review evidence that demonstrated the ineffectiveness of abstinence-only prevention programmes. Current research includes a major study of adolescent adherence to antiretroviral medication in South Africa, on positive prevention and sexual and reproductive health, and on MSM in Iran.