Craig Carty

Craig Carty is a Barnett Scholar and member of Green Templeton College writing a doctorate in Social Intervention. He received his BA and MSc degrees in Anthropology & Human Biology from the University of Pennsylvania where he studied the psychosocial impacts of HIV disease and the clinical implications of antiretroviral therapies on bone metabolism. 

Past research affiliations include the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, the Wistar Institute's Immunopathogenesis Laboratory, the Center for AIDS Research (Clinical Core), the Center for Health Behavior and Communications Research, and the Center for Health Promotion at the University of Fort Hare in South Africa. 

His primary focus is on mHealth interventions that engage HIV+ adolescents at risk for loss to care via interactive, "gamified" applications. The research interrogates the potential of "digital adherence" frameworks to connect outlier populations to care.

Craig serves as a Trustee for the Thohoyandou Victim Empowerment Programme (TVEP) and the Policy and Intervention Trust (POINTT). His doctoral research is funded in part by exploratory grants from UNICEF, EHPSA, DFID and Sweden, all of which include collaborations with the University of Cape Town's AIDS and Society Research Unit.


Craig's research interrogates the efficacy of existing health care models that target youth living with chronic, manageable diseases such as HIV. Objectives include the development and delivery of a mobile application that allows adolescents to report symptoms, describe their social context and receive vital healthcare information directly on smartphone devices. The design engages cutting edge social and clinical science theory together with algorithmic modelling to determine risk for treatment failure while supporting real-time reporting of acute symptoms and potential risk for adverse events. GPS triangulation of the device location allows outreach teams to locate patients who are not ambulatory, or who simply refuse to attend clinical visits. Stigma is resilient among many key populations, thus innovative linkages to care - or "digital adherence" - may prove critical to the long-term maintenance of patient care and enhanced health outcomes.

Craig's key areas of research focus are:

Mental health
Ecological momentary assessment tools for adolescents living with HIV
Digital Adherence
Connecting to Care

    Linder, V., Goldswain, C., Adler, H., Carty, C., Harper, K., Jackson, V., Lambert, S., Boon, G. (2016) "Lamivudine Monotherapy: Experience of Medium Term Outcomes in HIV Infected Children Unable to Adhere to Triple Therapy", The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 35: 7 199-205. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001156

    Nicholson, F., Carty, C. (2015) "The 'Zero Tolerance Village Alliance': A promising intervention for addressing sexual and gender-based violence in rural communities", BMC Proceedings 9: Suppl 4 A4

    Jemmott III, J.B., Jemmott, L.S., O’Leary, A., Ngwane, Z., Lewis, D.A., Bellamy, S.L., Icard, L.D., Carty, C., Heeren, G.A., Tyler, J.C. and Makiwane, M.B. (2015) "HIV/STI risk-reduction intervention efficacy with South African adolescents over 54 months", Health Psychology 34: 6 610

    Jemmott III, J.B., Jemmott, L, Ngwane, Z, Zhang, J, Heeren, A, Icard, L.D., O'Leary, A, Mtose, X, Teitelman, A & Carty, C (2014) "Theory-based behavioral intervention increases self-reported physical activity in South African men: a cluster-randomized controlled trial", Preventive Medicine 64 114-120

    Jemmott III, J. B., Jemmott, L, O’Leary, A., Ngwane, Z., Icard, L. D., Heeren, G. & Carty, C (2014) "Cluster-randomized controlled trial of an HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk-reduction intervention for South African men", American Journal of Public Health 104: 3 467-473

    Linder, V, Goldswain, C, Boon, G, Carty, C, Jackson, V, Harper, K & Lambert, J (2014) "Lamivudine monotherapy as a safe option for HIV-infected paediatric clients with adherence challenges: new evidence from a large South African cohort", Journal of the International AIDS Society 17: 4 Suppl 3 

    Chehimi, J, Papasavvas, E, Tomescu, C, Gekonge, B, Abdulhaqq, S, Raymond, A, Montaner, L. J. & Carty, C (2010) "Inability of plasmacytoid dendritic cells to directly lyse HIV-infected autologous CD4+ T cells despite induction of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand", Journal of Virology 84: 6 2762-2773


    Selected other outputs

    Carty, C. R., Hodes, R., Cluver, L., & Bhardwaj, S. (2017, July). Symptom or Sentiment?: Considerations for mHealth Interventions Designed for HIV+ Adolescents. In Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Digital Health (pp. 227-228). ACM.

    INTEREST 2017, Malawi. Symposium VIII: Can Africa lead Europe and North America in going digital? Digital innovation and the science of delivery – [Joep Lange Institute]. Craig Carty "Reaching Adolescents" University of Oxford.

    The Passages Project: initial observations from a multi-country investigation into factors that impact transition from adolescent to adult HIV care. Carty, C.; Sidloyi, L.; Oprea, C.; Pierre, R.; Christie-Samuels, C.; Hansudewechakul, R.; Watanporn, S.; Archary, M.; Machado, E.; Lago Garcia, M.; Avramovic, G.; Picone, M.; D’Eredita, M.; Lambert, J. (2016). Poster Presentation, AIDS 2016, Durban, South Africa (July 2016)

    “I HAVE SOMETHING TO SAY!” Bringing Youth Voice to the forefront of the public health discourse in South Africa. Carty, C.; Weyer, L.; Sidloyi, L; Manson, K.; Ruffell, C.; Crunkleton, K.; Toska, E.; Hodes, R. (2016). Poster Presentation, INTEREST 2016, Yaoundé, Cameroon (May 2016)

    Predictors for HIV-testing in South African adolescents: schools-based testing, pregnancy and sexual experience. Meinck, Franziska; Carty, Craig; Cluver, Lucie (2016). Oral Presentation, INTEREST 2016, Yaoundé, Cameroon (May 2016)

    Epilepsy in HIV Positive Children: Evidence from two South African Referral Hospitals . Michaelis, I.; Nielsen, M.; Sabin, C.; Carty, C.; Harper, K.; Boon, G.; Lambert, J. (2016). Discussed Poster, ESPID 2016, Bristol, United Kingdom (April 2016)

    Epilepsy prevalence in HIV-infected children aged 0 - 16 years in two antiretroviral treatment clinics in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. . Michaelis, I., Sabin, C., Nielsen, M., Lambert, J., Carty, C. (2016). AIDS 2016 Poster Presentation, Durba, South Africa (July)

    The cascade of care of pregnant women on the highly active anti-retroviral therapy in South Africa: implications for elimination of mother-to-child transmission. Oladele, V., Selanto-Chairman, N., Goon, D., Ajayi, I., Lambert, J., Carty, C. (2016). AIDS 2016 Poster Presentation, Durban, South Africa (July)


    List of site pages