George Smith

george smith

George Smith was until December 2008 a University Reader in Social Policy and Research Fellow at Green College, Oxford. He was Head of Department from 2005-2007 and previously the Department's research coordinator and course director for the Comparative Social Policy graduate degrees. He co-directed the Social Disadvantage Research Centre with Professor Michael Noble from its foundation in the 1990s to 2005.


His fields of interest include urban disadvantage, social security, poverty/low income and education, and the measurement of deprivation at the local level. He worked on the Educational Priority Areas Project and the Community Development Projects in the 1970s; was co-ordinator of OECD projects on educational disadvantage in the US and disadvantaged youth in urban areas. Until April 1996 he was adviser/research consultant to the British Government's Office for Standards in Education (OFSTED), London and before that to Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Schools (HMI) over a fifteen year period. He is a Research Associate of the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) London. Recently he has undertaken research in India and Bangladesh on the use of new sources of microdata to assess poverty and deprivation at the local level.

  • George Smith, Kathy Sylva, Teresa Smith, Pam Sammons and Aghogho Omonigho, (2018) STOP START: Survival, decline or closure? Children’s centres in England,Sutton Trust. Online
  • Noble, Michael, McLennan, David, Wilkinson, Katharine, Whitworth, Adam, Barnes, Helen and Dibben, Christopher (2008)The English Indices of Deprivation 2007. London: Department for Communities and Local Government
  • Smith, George, Pellissery, Sony, Rajan, Sweeta and Dubuc, Sylvie (2007) Indian Microdata Scoping Study.
  • Smith, George., Smith, Teresa & Smith, Tom (2007) "Whatever Happened to EPAs?", Part 2: Educational Priority Areas - 40 years on. FORUM 48: 1 & 2 141-156. URL:
  • Smith, Teresa., Sylva, Kathy., La Valle, Ivana., Dearden, Lorraine., Smith, George., Coxon, Kate., Sigala, Maria., Mathers, Sandra., Smith, Ruth., Purdon, Susan., Shaw, Jonathan., & Sibieta, Luke (2007)National Evaluation of the Neighbourhood Nurseries Initiative: Integrated Report. DFES
  • Sigala, Maria & Smith, George (2007) "National Evaluation of the Neighbourhood Nurseries Initiative: Tracking and Neighbourhood Change SureStart", Research Report SSU/2007/FR/023  
  • Noble, M., Wright, G., Smith, G.A.N and Dibben, C. (2006) "Measuring Multiple Deprivation at the Small-Area Level", Environment and Planning A 38: 1 169-185
  • Smith, George & Smith, Teresa (2006) "A. H. Halsey: Oxford as a base for social research and educational reform", Oxford Review of Education 32: 1 105-126
  • McLennan, David, Anttila, Chelsie., Gutiérrez-Romero, Roxana, Mason, Danielle, Wilkinson, Kate, Mokhtar, Chris, Dibben, Chris, Smith, George, & Noble, Michael. (2006)Neighbourhood Management Programme Baseline Report. NRU: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
  • Smith, George & Exley, Sonia (2006) "The influence of overseas examples on DES policy-making for the school system in England", Oxford Review of Education 32: 5 575-597
  • Noble, Michael, Barnes, Helen, Smith, George, McLennan, David, Dibben, Chris Avenell, David, Smith, Tom, Anttila, Chelsie, and Sigala, Maria  (2005) Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measures, 2005. Belfast: NISRA
  • Smith, Teresa., Lee, Caroline., with Braswell, Sean., Coxon, Kate., Smith, George., Sylva, Kathy & Tanner, Emily (2005) Early Stages of the Neighbourhood Nurseries Initiative: Opening the Nurseries. Department for Education and Skills Publications
  • Smith, George, Smith, Teresa, Wilkinson, Kate, and Sigala, Maria (2005) "National Evaluation of the New Deal for Communities Programme: Education and skills", New Deal for Communities National Evaluation  
  • Smith, George & Smith, Tom (2005) "Mapping deprivation at the local level: recent experience from the United Kingdom", ICSC Research Review 12: 2 79-84
  • Buchanan, Ann, Bennett, Fran, Ritchie, Charlotte, Smith, Theresa, Smith, George, Harker, Lisa & Vitali-Ebers, Sharon (2004)The impact of government policy on social exclusion among children aged 0-13 and their families: A review of the literature for the Social Exclusion Unit in Breaking the Cycle series. London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (Social Exclusion Unit.)
  • Smith, George, Noble, Michael, Anttilla, Chelsie, Gill, Leicester, Zaidi, Asghar, Wright, Gemma, Dibben, Chris and Barnes, Helen (2004)The Value of Linked Administrative Records for Longitudinal Analysis
  • Noble, Michael, Wright, Gemma Lloyd, Myfawny Dibben, Chris Smith, George Ratcliffe, Andrew McLennan, David Sigala, Maria & Anttila, Chelsie (2003.)Scottish Index of Deprivation 2003: Summary Report Scottish Executive. Edinburgh:
  • Noble, Michael, Wright, Gemma, Lloyd, Myfwany, Dibben, Chris, Smith, George (2003) "Scottish Indices of Deprivation 2003", Full Report Scottish Executive  . URL:
  • Evans, Marti, Noble, Michael, Wright, Gemma, Smith, George Lloyd, Myfwany & Dibben, Chris (2002)Growing Together or Growing Apart? Geographic Patterns of Change in IS and JSA-IB Claimants in England 1995-2000 . The Policy Press
  • Noble, Michael, Wright, Gemma, Smith, George, Ratcliffe, Andrew, Lloyd, Myfanwy, Dibben, Chris, Braswell, Scott (2002)Updating the Indices of Deprivation 2000: Stage One Report, Stage 1 Consultation document . London: Neighbourhood Renewal Unit
  • Smith, George & Smith, Teresa (2001)Excellence, diversity and inequality in education. London: Child Poverty Action Group
  • Noble, Michael, Evans, Martin, Dibben, Chris & Smith, George (2001)Changing Fortunes: geographic patterns of income deprivation in the late 1990s DLTR and Social Exclusion Unit. Renewa
  • Smith, George, Noble, Michael & Wright, Gemma (2001) "Do we care about area effects?", Environment and Planning A 33 1341-1344
  • Plewis, Ian, Smith, George, Wright, Gemma, & Cullis, Andrew (2001)Linking Child Poverty and Child Outcomes: Exploring Data and Research Strategies ASD Research Branch Working Papers No 1. Department for Work and Pensions
  • Noble, Michael, Smith, George, Wright, Gemma, Dibben, Chris & Lloyd, Myfanwy (2001) "The Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure", Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) : 16
  • Dibben, Chris, Surender, Rebecca, Sims, Anita, Noble, Michael, Hill, Alison, Goldacre, Michael, Goodman, Natalie, Lloyd, Myfanwy. Wright, Gemma Smith, George (2001)Health Poverty Index Scoping Project Report. Department of Health.
  • Noble, Michael, Lloyd, Myfanwy, Wright, Gemma, Dibben, Chris and Smith, George .A.N. (2001) "Developing deprivation measures for Northern Ireland", Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland 31 
  • Smith, George (2000) "Schools", Halsey, Albert H & Webb, Josephine ed.,Twentieth-Century British Social Trends. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 179-220
  • Noble, Michael, Smith, George, Wright, Gemma, Dibben, Chris, Lloyd, Myfanwy & Penhale, Bruce (2000)Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation: 2000 Edition. The National Assembly for Wales
  • Noble, Michael, Penhale, Bruce, Smith, George, Wright, Gemma, Dibben, Chris, Owen, Tom & Lloyd, Myfanwy (2000) "Indices of Deprivation 2000 Regeneration Research Summary", Department of Transport, Environment and the Regions (DETR) 21 
  • Smith, George & Noble, Michael (2000) "Developing the use of administrative data to study poverty", Bradshaw, Jonathon & Sainsbury, Roy ed.,Researching Poverty, Studies in Cash & Care. Ashgate, 77-97
  • Smith, George (2000) "Research and Inspection: HMI and OFSTED, 1981-1996 - A Commentary", Oxford Review of Education 26: 3 & 4 
  • Noble, Michael, Smith, George .A.N., Penhale, Bridget, Wright, Gemma, Dibben, Chris & Lloyd, Myfanwy (2000) "Measuring Multiple Deprivation at the Small Area Level: The Indices of Deprivation 2000 DETR", Regeneration Research Summary  37 
  • Noble, Michael, Penhale, Bridget, Smith, George A.N., Wright, Gemma, Dibben, Chris & Lloyd, Myfwany, (2000) Response to the Formal Consultations on the Indices of Deprivation . London: DETR
  • Noble, Michael., Smith, George., Cheung, Sin Yi. with de Moor, Desmond., Smith, Teresa., & Whitlock, Sandra (1998)Lone Mothers Moving In and Out of Benefit. York: York Publishing Services for Joseph Rowntree Foundation
  • Noble, Michael, Cheung, Sin Yi, & Smith, George (1998) "Origins and Destinations: Social Security Claimant Dynamics", Journal of Social Policy  27: 3 
  • Smith, George, Smith, Theresa, & Wright, Gemma (1997) "Choice, diversity or division? Poverty and schooling 1979-1997", Walker, Alan & Walker, Carol ed.,Britain Divided: the Growth of Social Exclusion.
  • Smith, George (1996) "Urban Education: Current Position and Future Possibilities: Some Evidence from Research ", Barber, Michael & Dann, Ruth ed., Raising Standards in the Inner Cities. Cassell
  • Smith, George Williamson, Howard Platt, Lucinda (1996) "Youth in an Age of Uncertainty: A Review of Recent Research", The Carnegie Young People Initiative Years of Decision  19-85
  • Noble, Michael & Smith, George (1996) "Two nations? Changing patterns of income and wealth in two contrasting areas", Hills, John ed.,New Inequalities. Cambridge University Press
  • Smith, George (1996)Results from the Reading Tests in OFSTED The Teaching of Reading. London.:
  • Smith, Teresa., & Noble, Michael., with Barlow, Jane., Sharland, Elaine., & Smith, George (1995)Education Divides: Poverty and Schooling in the 1990s. London: Child Poverty Action Group
  • Noble, Michael, Cheung, Seyoung Y., Smith, George, & Smith, Teresa (1995) "Using Census Data to predict Income Support Dependency", Policy and Politics  23: 4 327-333