“Immigration enforcement” often calls to mind border policing or efforts to deport undocumented migrants. Yet, governments also increasingly employ strategies of exclusion – denying migrants access to public and private resources in the hope of encouraging them to voluntarily leave and deterring future arrivals. This paper evaluates the implementation of these measures in three European countries as a way to improve our understanding of the operation of state power. Drawing on and developing Mann’s concept of infrastructural power, I show how implementation requires both administrative coordination and linkages to social groups – qualities more present in some countries than others. The features of state power reflect preexisting administrative systems for population oversight, as well as the nature of industrial relations, both of which provide resources state officials redeploy for immigration control. In instituting these measures, officials augment their capacities for overseeing non-migrants as well, so that all citizens and denizens are subject to increased supervision.
About the speaker:
Kimberly J. Morgan is Professor of Political Science at George Washington University. Her work examines the politics shaping public policies, with particular interests in migration and social welfare. She is the author Working Mothers and the Welfare State: Religion and the Politics of Work-Family Policy in Western Europe and the United States (Stanford 2006) and The Delegated Welfare State: Medicare, Markets, and the Governance of American Social Policy (Oxford 2011), and co-editor of several volumes, including The Many Hands of the State: Theorizing Political Authority and Social Control (Cambridge 2017).
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