Dr Tim Vlandas is Associate Professor of Comparative Social Policy in the Department of Social Policy and Intervention and a Fellow of St Antony’s College. He is also the current Course Director for Comparative Social Policy. Prior to joining the University of Oxford in September 2018 he was an Associate Professor in Comparative Political Economy at the University of Reading and a Research Officer at the LSE. After an initial training in Economics and Development Economics, Tim specialised in the Political Economy of welfare state policies in Europe during his PhD at the LSE, which was fully funded in recognition for academic merit and research potential. He has won both teaching and research prizes, including a class teaching prize at the LSE, a doctoral researcher prize awarded by the European Network for Social Policy Analysis and an award for the best paper on European Politics and Society by the American Political Science Association.
Using a comparative political economy approach, his research explores the political and economic determinants and consequences of social and economic policies in Europe. He is currently working on four projects. First, Tim is finishing a book (joint with Mark Thatcher) on Western policies towards Sovereign Wealth Funds' investments (under contract with Oxford University Press). The second project investigates how changes in economic performance and welfare state institutions alter the policy preferences and voting behaviour of different parts of the electorate, and how this in turn shapes the economic policy choices of governments. Third, joint research with Daphne Halikiopoulou examines how economic insecurity and social policies shape support for far-right parties among different social groups in Europe. Finally, Tim is analysing the determinants of individual support for a Universal Basic Income in different European countries.
His research has appeared in Comparative Political Studies, the Socio-Economic Review, the Journal of European Social Policy, Politics & Society, the Journal of Common Market Studies, Comparative European Politics, the European Journal of Industrial Relations, Political Quarterly, the Review of European Economic Policy, French Politics, the Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism, and LSE ‘Europe in Question’ working paper series.
The Left and universal basic income: the role of ideology in individual support
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy
<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Few studies to date have analysed individual support for universal basic income (UBI). This article theorizes and explores empirically the relationship between different strands of left ideology and support for UBI across European countries. We delineate three types of concerns about capitalism: “Labourist Left” worry about <jats:italic>exploitation</jats:italic>; “Libertarian Left” about <jats:italic>repression</jats:italic> and “Social Investment Left” about <jats:italic>inefficiencies</jats:italic>. Contrary to expectations we derive from political theory and welfare state literature, our results based on data from the European Social Survey suggest that having high concerns about exploitation is positively correlated with support for UBI, whereas repression concerns are negatively correlated with support. In line with our hypothesis about social investment ideology, left-leaning individuals with efficiency concerns are more likely to support UBI. Our findings call for more detailed surveys as well as further research on the different ideologies within the Left and how these relate to variation in support for UBI, which crucially shapes the potential political coalition behind the introduction of UBI.</jats:p>
The political consequences of labour market dualization: Labour market status, occupational unemployment and policy preferences
Political Science Research and Methods
Labour Market Liberalization and the Rise of Dualism in Europe as the Interplay between Government, Trade Unions and the Economy
Social Policy and Administration: an international journal of policy and research
The Political Economy of Individual Level Support for the Basic Income in Europe
Journal of European Social Policy
‘Birds of a feather’? Assessing the prevalence of anti-immigration attitudes among the far right electorate
Coordination, inclusiveness and wage inequality between median- and bottom-income workers
COMPARATIVE EUROPEAN POLITICS
varieties of capitalism, labour market institutions, wage inequality, wage coordination, welfare state, union density
The Politics of Universal Basic Income (UBI)
I examine potential political support for a Universal Basic Income (UBI) – an idea with a long lineage that cuts across ideological lines. I conclude that a UBI could potentially find backing from a coalition between centrist and left-leaning individuals, ideally with additional support from trade unions.
Grey power and the Economy: Aging and Inflation Across Advanced Economies
What explains the shift from the moderate to high inflation rates of the
Golden Age of post -war capitalism to the low inflation regime of monetarism in the 1970s and 1980s? Conventional views emphasise the rise of monetarism as a new economic paradigm that convinced policy
makers to delegate monetary policy to conservative and independent central banks – a view that comes in many variants, from constructivist to orthodox economics. In contrast to these arguments, we introduce electoral and party politics into the debate. This paper models and examines the shifts in the inflationary preferences of the median voter and their translation into party politics and economic policies. As the median voter accumulates nominal assets against a background of de facto and de jure increasing job security and rising wages, her preferences on macro-economic policies shift from concerns about employment-friendly to inflation-averse policies. Social democratic parties, who are pivotal players in this regard because of their ‘natural’ preference for high employment over low inflation, are thus forced to adopt anti-inflation policies as well to remain electorally viable. We show that the employment situation of the average worker improved in every respect during the 1960s and 1970s, that most of the population became inflation averse during the 1970s and 1980s, and that social democratic parties were forced to adopt more economically orthodox party manifestos. We then analyse the shift to a low inflation regime in a series of country case studies.
Voting to leave: Economic insecurity and the Brexit vote
The Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism
Labour market developments and policy responses during and after the crisis in France
Tim Vlandas is interested in supervising DPhil students who intend to work on any of the following broad themes in comparative political economy and social policy:
The politics of macroeconomic policy, in particular the relationship between social policies, economic voting and changes in economic policies over time;
The political determinants and consequences of different labour market policies such as minimum wage regulations, unemployment benefits, employment protection legislation, and active labour market policies;
The changing politics of austerity and welfare state reforms during economic and political crises;
The political economy of the Universal Basic Income