Dr Tim Vlandas is Associate Professor of Comparative Social Policy in the Department of Social Policy and Intervention and a Fellow of St Antony’s College. He is also a visiting fellow in the European Institute at the London School of Economics (LSE). Prior to joining the University of Oxford in September 2018 he was an Associate Professor in Comparative Political Economy at the University of Reading and a Research Officer at the LSE. After an initial training in Economics and Development Economics, Tim specialised in the Political Economy of welfare state policies in Europe during his PhD at the LSE, which was fully funded in recognition for academic merit and research potential. He has won both teaching and research prizes, including a class teaching prize at the LSE, a doctoral researcher prize awarded by the European Network for Social Policy Analysis and an award for the best paper on European Politics and Society by the American Political Science Association.
Using a comparative political economy approach, his research explores the political and economic determinants and consequences of social and economic policies in Europe. He is currently working on four projects. First, Tim is finishing a book (joint with Mark Thatcher) on Western policies towards Sovereign Wealth Funds' investments (under contract with Oxford University Press). The second project investigates how changes in economic performance and welfare state institutions alter the policy preferences and voting behaviour of different parts of the electorate, and how this in turn shapes the economic policy choices of governments. Third, joint research with Daphne Halikiopoulou examines how economic insecurity and social policies shape support for far-right parties among different social groups in Europe. Finally, Tim is analysing the determinants of individual support for a Universal Basic Income in different European countries.
His research has appeared in Comparative Political Studies, the Socio-Economic Review, the Journal of European Social Policy, Politics & Society, the Journal of Common Market Studies, Comparative European Politics, the European Journal of Industrial Relations, Political Quarterly, the Review of European Economic Policy, French Politics, the Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism, and LSE ‘Europe in Question’ working paper series.
Coordination, inclusiveness and wage inequality between median- and bottom-income workers
COMPARATIVE EUROPEAN POLITICS
varieties of capitalism, labour market institutions, wage inequality, wage coordination, welfare state, union density
The Politics of Universal Basic Income (UBI)
I examine potential political support for a Universal Basic Income (UBI) – an idea with a long lineage that cuts across ideological lines. I conclude that a UBI could potentially find backing from a coalition between centrist and left-leaning individuals, ideally with additional support from trade unions.
Grey power and the Economy: Aging and Inflation Across Advanced Economies
What explains the shift from the moderate to high inflation rates of the
Golden Age of post -war capitalism to the low inflation regime of monetarism in the 1970s and 1980s? Conventional views emphasise the rise of monetarism as a new economic paradigm that convinced policy
makers to delegate monetary policy to conservative and independent central banks – a view that comes in many variants, from constructivist to orthodox economics. In contrast to these arguments, we introduce electoral and party politics into the debate. This paper models and examines the shifts in the inflationary preferences of the median voter and their translation into party politics and economic policies. As the median voter accumulates nominal assets against a background of de facto and de jure increasing job security and rising wages, her preferences on macro-economic policies shift from concerns about employment-friendly to inflation-averse policies. Social democratic parties, who are pivotal players in this regard because of their ‘natural’ preference for high employment over low inflation, are thus forced to adopt anti-inflation policies as well to remain electorally viable. We show that the employment situation of the average worker improved in every respect during the 1960s and 1970s, that most of the population became inflation averse during the 1970s and 1980s, and that social democratic parties were forced to adopt more economically orthodox party manifestos. We then analyse the shift to a low inflation regime in a series of country case studies.
Labour market developments and policy responses during and after the crisis in France
Why far right parties do well at times of crisis: the role of labour market institutions
European Trade Union Institute working paper series
This working paper argues with extensive statistical analysis that the rise of far-right parties in Europe has less to do with the economic crisis and unemployment levels as such but more with specific labour market policies and institutions. The authors show that the deregulation of employment protection legislation and the reduction of employment benefits have in many countries intensified the support for these far-right parties.
Explaining perceptions of the unemployed in Europe
E-Journal of International and Comparative Labour Studies
Risks, Costs and Labour Markets: Explaining Cross-National Patterns of Far Right Party Success in European Parliament Elections
Tim Vlandas is interested in supervising DPhil students who intend to work on any of the following broad themes in comparative political economy and social policy:
The politics of macroeconomic policy, in particular the relationship between social policies, economic voting and changes in economic policies over time;
The political determinants and consequences of different labour market policies such as minimum wage regulations, unemployment benefits, employment protection legislation, and active labour market policies;
The changing politics of austerity and welfare state reforms during economic and political crises;
The political economy of the Universal Basic Income